The article Relevance of well-being, resilience, and health-related quality of life to mental health profiles of European adolescents: results from a cross-sectional analysis of the school-based multinational UPRIGHT project has now been published in Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
The existing evidence suggests that a complete evaluation of mental health should incorporate both psychopathology and mental well-being indicators. However, few studies categorize European adolescents into subgroups based on such complete mental health data. This study used the data on mental well-being and symptoms of mental and behavioral disorders to explore the mental health profiles of adolescents in Europe.
Data collected from adolescents (N = 3767; mean age 12.4 [SD = 0.9]) from five European countries supplied the information on their mental well-being (personal resilience, school resilience, quality of life, and mental well-being) and mental and behavioral disorder symptoms (anxiety, depression, stress, bullying, cyber-bullying, and use of tobacco, alcohol, or cannabis). Multiple correspondence analysis and cluster analysis were combined to classify the youths into mental health profiles.
Adolescents were categorized into three mental health profiles. The “poor mental health” profile (6%) was characterized by low levels of well-being and moderate symptoms of mental disorders. The “good mental health” profile group (26%) showed high well-being and few symptoms of mental disorders, and the “intermediate mental health” profile (68%) was characterized by average well-being and mild-to-moderate symptoms of mental disorders. Groups with higher levels of well-being and fewer symptoms of mental disorders showed lower rates of behavioral problems. Mental well-being indicators strongly contributed to this classification.
Adolescents with the “intermediate” or “poor” mental health profiles may benefit from interventions to improve mental health. Implications for school-based interventions are discussed.